NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: VISIONS OF A PLURAL WORLD Catherine Maia, Jean-Marie Collin

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NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: VISIONS OF A PLURAL WORLD

GRANDES DEBATES DA ACTUALIDADE N.º 9

Catherine Maia, Jean-Marie Collin
Descrição

In a world aff­ected by the Covid-19 global pandemic, where more financial resources would be needed for medicines instead of weapons, all nuclear States – whether parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty or not, whether democratic or authoritarian regimes – keep modernising their nuclear arsenal.

Despite this attitude, which highlights the crisis of the nuclear non-proliferation regime, since the launch of the “Humanitarian Initiative” in 2010, nuclear disarmament has been at the centre of the action of an increasing number of countries, with the strong support of NGOs.

This phenomenon gave unprecedented visibility and significance to the topic, and allowed the entry into force in 2021 of the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, the first legally binding international agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons, in order to achieve their total elimination. 

These recent developments show that there are hopes and challenges in a pluralistic world where nuclear and non-nuclear weapons States continue to confront each other in this highly sensitive area. It is against this background that readers are off­ered a set of di­fferent perspectives on these weapons of mass destruction, authored by a multidisciplinary team of contributors from a wide array of geographical areas.

 

 CONTENTS

Contributors

Abbreviations

Foreword

Rafaâ Ben Achour

Introduction – Nuclear Weapons: Normative Evolution in a Plural World

Catherine Maia and Jean-Marie Collin

PART I

PLURAL GEOGRAPHICAL VISIONS

The African Continent as an Actor in Nuclear Disarmament

Eric Bilale Monga Mbambe

Arab Countries and Nuclear Weapons: An Essay to Clarify an Indeterminate Relationship

Amel El Mejri

A Nuclear Weapons-Free and Non-Violent World Order: India’s Hype or Hope?

Vidya Shankar Aiyar

Rethinking the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s Membership to the Non-Proliferation Treaty

Alonso E. Illueca

The Role of Non-Nuclear-Weapon States in Nuclear Disarmament: The Case of Latin America

Carlos Umaña

PART II

PLURAL CONCEPTUAL VISIONS

Divergent Interpretations and Coherence of the Non-Proliferation Regime in International Law: A Case Study of the Impact of the Nuclear Suppliers Group and the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons on the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime

Erika Hennequet

Divestment in the Domain of Arms Control

Rob van Riet

Sequential Law-Making in Nuclear Disarmament: Empowering Non-Nuclear-Weapon States and Non-State Actors

Arunjana Das

State Shaming and the Social Theory of Peremptory Norms in International Law: The Possibility of the Prohibition of Nuclear Proliferation as a Jus Cogens Norm

Frederick Cowell

Nuclear Disarmament: An “Idiot”’s Declaration – Universal Deterrence on the Road to a “City of the World”

Christophe Germann

Afterword

Sérgio Duarte

Abstracts

 

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